“Pain is what the patient says it is”. This definition of pain can be applied to any patient, regardless of their age. Good pain management in children involves identifying and assessing the pain, followed by prompt control of the pain through pharmacological management and resolution of the underlying cause. If unmanaged, pain can lead to anxiety and stress, and in the long-term this can impact on the psychosocial health and development of a child. Presentations of pain in children in primary care will generally fall into three broad categories: mild pain associated with childhood conditions commonly treated in general practice, acute trauma and medical situations where referral and stronger analgesia may be required, and management of pain associated with long-term conditions.
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